# PartBundle¶

from panda3d.core import PartBundle

class PartBundle

Bases: PartGroup

This is the root of a MovingPart hierarchy. It defines the hierarchy of moving parts that make up an animatable object.

Inheritance diagram

enum BlendType

This is the parameter to setBlendType() and specifies the kind of blending operation to be performed when multiple controls are in effect simultaneously (see setControlEffect()) or between sequential frames of the animation.

enumerator BT_linear = 0

BT_linear does a componentwise average of all blended matrices, which is a linear blend. The result of this is that if a particular vertex would have been at point P in one animation and point Q in another one, it will end up on the line in between them in the resulting blend animation. However, this tends to stretch and squash limbs in strange and disturbing ways.

enumerator BT_normalized_linear = 1

BT_normalized_linear is a compromise on BT_linear. The matrix is blended linearly without the scale and shear components, and the blended scale and shear components are applied separately. This keeps all of the character’s body parts in the correct size and shape. However, if the hierarchy is disconnected, body parts can fly off. It’s essential the skeleton hierarchy be completely connected to use this blend mode successully.

enumerator BT_componentwise = 2

BT_componentwise linearly blends all components separately, including H, P, and R, and recomposes the matrix.

enumerator BT_componentwise_quat = 3

BT_componentwise_quat linearly blends all components separately, except for rotation which is blended as a quaternion.

__init__(name: str)

Normally, a PartBundle constructor should not be called directly–it will get created when a PartBundleNode is created.

property anim_blend_flagbool
Getter

Returns whether the character allows multiple different animations to be bound simultaneously. See setAnimBlendFlag().

Setter

Defines the way the character responds to multiple calls to setControlEffect()). By default, this flag is set false, which disallows multiple animations. When this flag is false, it is not necessary to explicitly set the control_effect when starting an animation; starting the animation will implicitly remove the control_effect from the previous animation and set it on the current one.

However, if this flag is set true, the control_effect must be explicitly set via setControlEffect() whenever an animation is to affect the character.

applyTransform(transform: TransformState)PartBundle

Returns a PartBundle that is a duplicate of this one, but with the indicated transform applied. If this is called multiple times with the same TransformState pointer, it returns the same PartBundle each time.

bindAnim(anim: AnimBundle, hierarchy_match_flags: int, subset: PartSubset)AnimControl

Binds the animation to the bundle, if possible, and returns a new AnimControl that can be used to start and stop the animation. If the anim hierarchy does not match the part hierarchy, returns NULL.

If hierarchy_match_flags is 0, only an exact match is accepted; otherwise, it may contain a union of PartGroupHierarchyMatchFlags values indicating conditions that will be tolerated (but warnings will still be issued).

If subset is specified, it restricts the binding only to the named subtree of joints.

The AnimControl is not stored within the PartBundle; it is the user’s responsibility to maintain the pointer. The animation will automatically unbind itself when the AnimControl destructs (i.e. its reference count goes to zero).

property blend_type → BlendType
Getter

Returns the algorithm that is used when blending multiple frames or multiple animations together, when either anim_blend_flag or frame_blend_flag is set to true.

Setter

Defines the algorithm that is used when blending multiple frames or multiple animations together, when either anim_blend_flag or frame_blend_flag is set to true.

See partBundle.h for a description of the meaning of each of the PartBundleBlendType values.

clearAnimPreload()None

Removes any AnimPreloadTable associated with the PartBundle.

clearControlEffects()None

Sets the control effect of all AnimControls to zero (but does not “stop” the AnimControls). The character will no longer be affected by any animation, and will return to its default pose (unless restore-initial-pose is false).

The AnimControls which are no longer associated will not be using any CPU cycles, but they may still be in the “playing” state; if they are later reassociated with the PartBundle they will resume at their current frame as if they’d been running all along.

controlJoint(joint_name: str, node: PandaNode)bool

Specifies that the joint with the indicated name should be animated with the transform on the indicated node. It will henceforth always follow the node’s transform, regardless of any animations that may subsequently be bound to the joint.

Returns true if the joint is successfully controlled, or false if the named child is not a joint (or slider) or does not exist.

forceUpdate()bool

Updates all the parts in the bundle to reflect the data for the current frame, whether we believe it needs it or not.

property frame_blend_flagbool
Getter

Returns whether the character interpolates (blends) between two sequential animation frames, or whether it holds the current frame until the next one is ready. See setFrameBlendFlag().

Setter

Specifies whether the character interpolates (blends) between two sequential frames of an active animation, showing a smooth intra-frame motion, or whether it holds each frame until the next frame is ready, showing precisely the specified animation.

When this value is false, the character holds each frame until the next is ready. When this is true, the character will interpolate between two consecutive frames of animation for each frame the animation is onscreen, according to the amount of time elapsed between the frames.

The default value of this flag is determined by the interpolate-frames Config.prc variable.

Use setBlendType() to change the algorithm that the character uses to interpolate matrix positions.

freezeJoint(joint_name: str, pos: LVecBase3, hpr: LVecBase3, scale: LVecBase3)bool

Specifies that the joint with the indicated name should be frozen with the specified transform. It will henceforth always hold this fixed transform, regardless of any animations that may subsequently be bound to the joint.

Returns true if the joint is successfully frozen, or false if the named child is not a joint (or slider) or does not exist.

freezeJoint(joint_name: str, value: float)bool

Specifies that the joint with the indicated name should be frozen with the specified transform. It will henceforth always hold this fixed transform, regardless of any animations that may subsequently be bound to the joint.

Returns true if the joint is successfully frozen, or false if the named child is not a joint (or slider) or does not exist.

freezeJoint(joint_name: str, transform: TransformState)bool

Specifies that the joint with the indicated name should be frozen with the specified transform. It will henceforth always hold this fixed transform, regardless of any animations that may subsequently be bound to the joint.

Returns true if the joint is successfully frozen, or false if the named child is not a joint (or slider) or does not exist.

getAnimBlendFlag()bool

Returns whether the character allows multiple different animations to be bound simultaneously. See setAnimBlendFlag().

getAnimPreload()AnimPreloadTable

Returns the AnimPreloadTable associated with the PartBundle. This table, if present, can be used for the benefit of loadBindAnim() to allow asynchronous binding.

getBlendType() → BlendType

Returns the algorithm that is used when blending multiple frames or multiple animations together, when either anim_blend_flag or frame_blend_flag is set to true.

static getClassType()TypeHandle
getControlEffect(control: AnimControl)float

Returns the amount by which the character is affected by the indicated AnimControl and its associated animation. See setControlEffect().

getFrameBlendFlag()bool

Returns whether the character interpolates (blends) between two sequential animation frames, or whether it holds the current frame until the next one is ready. See setFrameBlendFlag().

getNode(n: int)PartBundleNode

Returns the nth PartBundleNode associated with this PartBundle.

getNodes()list
getNumNodes()int

Returns the number of PartBundleNodes that contain a pointer to this PartBundle.

getRootXform()LMatrix4

Returns the transform matrix which is implicitly applied at the root of the animated hierarchy.

loadBindAnim(loader: Loader, filename: Filename, hierarchy_match_flags: int, subset: PartSubset, allow_async: bool)AnimControl

Binds an animation to the bundle. The animation is loaded from the disk via the indicated Loader object. In other respects, this behaves similarly to bindAnim(), with the addition of asynchronous support.

If allow_aysnc is true, the load will be asynchronous if possible. This requires that the animation basename can be found in the PartBundle’s preload table (see getAnimPreload()).

In an asynchronous load, the animation file will be loaded and bound in a sub-thread. This means that the animation will not necessarily be available at the time this method returns. You may still use the returned AnimControl immediately, though, but no visible effect will occur until the animation eventually becomes available.

You can test AnimControl.isPending() to see if the animation has been loaded yet, or wait for it to finish with AnimControl.waitPending() or even PartBundle.waitPending(). You can also set an event to be triggered when the animation finishes loading with AnimControl.setPendingDoneEvent().

mergeAnimPreloads(other: PartBundle)None

Copies the contents of the other PartBundle’s preload table into this one.

modifyAnimPreload()AnimPreloadTable

Returns a modifiable pointer to the AnimPreloadTable associated with the PartBundle, if any.

property nodes → Sequence[PartBundleNode]

Returns the nth PartBundleNode associated with this PartBundle.

output(out: ostream)None

Writes a one-line description of the bundle.

releaseJoint(joint_name: str)bool

Releases the named joint from the effects of a previous call to freezeJoint() or controlJoint(). It will henceforth once again follow whatever transforms are dictated by the animation.

Returns true if the joint is released, or false if the named child was not previously controlled or frozen, or it does not exist.

property root_xformLMatrix4
Getter

Returns the transform matrix which is implicitly applied at the root of the animated hierarchy.

Setter

Specifies the transform matrix which is implicitly applied at the root of the animated hierarchy.

setAnimBlendFlag(anim_blend_flag: bool)None

Defines the way the character responds to multiple calls to setControlEffect()). By default, this flag is set false, which disallows multiple animations. When this flag is false, it is not necessary to explicitly set the control_effect when starting an animation; starting the animation will implicitly remove the control_effect from the previous animation and set it on the current one.

However, if this flag is set true, the control_effect must be explicitly set via setControlEffect() whenever an animation is to affect the character.

setAnimPreload(table: AnimPreloadTable)None

Replaces the AnimPreloadTable associated with the PartBundle.

setBlendType(bt: BlendType)None

Defines the algorithm that is used when blending multiple frames or multiple animations together, when either anim_blend_flag or frame_blend_flag is set to true.

See partBundle.h for a description of the meaning of each of the PartBundleBlendType values.

setControlEffect(control: AnimControl, effect: float)None

Sets the amount by which the character is affected by the indicated AnimControl (and its associated animation). Normally, this will only be zero or one. Zero indicates the animation does not affect the character, and one means it does.

If the _anim_blend_flag is not false (see setAnimBlendFlag()), it is possible to have multiple AnimControls in effect simultaneously. In this case, the effect is a weight that indicates the relative importance of each AnimControl to the final animation.

setFrameBlendFlag(frame_blend_flag: bool)None

Specifies whether the character interpolates (blends) between two sequential frames of an active animation, showing a smooth intra-frame motion, or whether it holds each frame until the next frame is ready, showing precisely the specified animation.

When this value is false, the character holds each frame until the next is ready. When this is true, the character will interpolate between two consecutive frames of animation for each frame the animation is onscreen, according to the amount of time elapsed between the frames.

The default value of this flag is determined by the interpolate-frames Config.prc variable.

Use setBlendType() to change the algorithm that the character uses to interpolate matrix positions.

setRootXform(root_xform: LMatrix4)None

Specifies the transform matrix which is implicitly applied at the root of the animated hierarchy.

update()bool

Updates all the parts in the bundle to reflect the data for the current frame (as set in each of the AnimControls).

Returns true if any part has changed as a result of this, or false otherwise.

waitPending()None

Blocks the current thread until all currently-pending AnimControls, with a nonzero control effect, have been loaded and are properly bound.

xform(mat: LMatrix4)None

Applies the indicated transform to the root of the animated hierarchy.