Creating New MouseWatchers for Display Regions¶
When working with multiple display regions in a single window, it can be difficult to get accurate mouse interaction. base.mouseWatcherNode, the default MouseWatcher in Panda3D, reports the mouse coordinates for the entire window. To get mouse coordinates relative to a specific display region the MouseWatcher needs to be restricted to that region with the setDisplayRegion() method.
myDR = base.win.makeDisplayRegion(0, 1, 0, 1) base.mouseWatcherNode.setDisplayRegion(myDR)
However, restricting the default MouseWatcher to a display region will prevent the mouse from being used outside of that region. For example, the image below shows two display regions, a 3D view in the top portion, and a menu in the bottom portion.
If base.mouseWatcherNode is restricted to the 3D view display region, the mouse won’t interact with the menu buttons.
One way to get around this problem is to create a new MouseWatcher to handle the 3D view display region. By doing so, the mouse can interact with other display regions, such as the one containing the menu, and the program can still get accurate mouse coordinates for the 3D view display region for things like Clicking on 3D Objects which is discussed later in the manual.
Creating a new MouseWatcher and tying it to a display region is a three step process. First, the new MouseWatcher has to be created.
myMouseWatcher = MouseWatcher() # Creates a new mouse watcher
In order for the new MouseWatcher to do its job, it needs to receive information about the mouse from the system. This information comes from the MouseAndKeyboard object. To get the information, our new MouseWatcher needs to be a child of MouseAndKeyboard. We know that base.mouseWatcherNode is already a child of MouseAndKeyboard, so we can use that to our advantage to make our new MouseWatcher a child of it as well.
base.mouseWatcher.getParent().attachNewNode(myMouseWatcher) # Gets MouseAndKeyboard, the parent of base.mouseWatcherNode # that passes mouse data into MouseWatchers, # and attaches myMouseWatcher to it.
Now that our MouseWatcher is getting mouse information from the system, we just need to set it to the display region we want it to monitor.
myMouseWatcher.setDisplayRegion(myDisplayRegion) # Restricts my MouseWatcher to my intended display region.
With that done, we can get accurate mouse coordinates within the display region from our new MouseWatcher.
if myMouseWatcher.hasMouse(): mpos = myMouseWatcher.getMouse()