panda3d.direct.DCPacker

class DCPacker

This class can be used for packing a series of numeric and string data into a binary stream, according to the DC specification.

See also direct/src/doc/dcPacker.txt for a more complete description and examples of using this class.

Inheritance diagram

Inheritance diagram of DCPacker

__init__() → None
__init__(param0: DCPacker) → None
beginPack(root: DCPackerInterface) → None

Begins a packing session. The parameter is the DC object that describes the packing format; it may be a DCParameter or DCField.

Unless you call clearData() between sessions, multiple packing sessions will be concatenated together into the same buffer. If you wish to add bytes to the buffer between packing sessions, use append_data() or get_write_pointer().

beginRepack(root: DCPackerInterface) → None

Begins a repacking session. You must have previously called setUnpackData() to specify a buffer to unpack.

Unlike beginPack() or beginUnpack() you may not concatenate the results of multiple beginRepack() sessions in one buffer.

Also, unlike in packing or unpacking modes, you may not walk through the fields from beginning to end, or even pack two consecutive fields at once. Instead, you must call seek() for each field you wish to modify and pack only that one field; then call seek() again to modify another field.

beginUnpack(root: DCPackerInterface) → None

Begins an unpacking session. You must have previously called setUnpackData() to specify a buffer to unpack.

If there was data left in the buffer after a previous beginUnpack() .. endUnpack() session, the new session will resume from the current point. This method may be used, therefore, to unpack a sequence of objects from the same buffer.

clearData() → None

Empties the data in the pack buffer and unpack buffer. This should be called between calls to beginPack(), unless you want to concatenate all of the pack results together.

endPack() → bool

Finishes a packing session.

The return value is true on success, or false if there has been some error during packing.

endRepack() → bool

Finishes the repacking session.

The return value is true on success, or false if there has been some error during repacking (or if all fields have not been repacked).

endUnpack() → bool

Finishes the unpacking session.

The return value is true on success, or false if there has been some error during unpacking (or if all fields have not been unpacked).

getBytes() → bytes

Returns the packed data buffer as a bytes object. Also see get_data().

getCurrentField() → DCPackerInterface

Returns the field that will be referenced by the next call to pack_*() or unpack_*(). This will be NULL if we have unpacked (or packed) all fields, or if it is time to call pop().

Return type

DCPackerInterface

getCurrentFieldName() → str

Returns the name of the current field, if it has a name, or the empty string if the field does not have a name or there is no current field.

getCurrentParent() → DCPackerInterface

Returns the field that we left in our last call to push(): the owner of the current level of fields. This may be NULL at the beginning of the pack operation.

Return type

DCPackerInterface

getLastSwitch() → DCSwitchParameter

Returns a pointer to the last DCSwitch instance that we have passed by and selected one case of during the pack/unpack process. Each time we encounter a new DCSwitch and select a case, this will change state.

This may be used to detect when a DCSwitch has been selected. At the moment this changes state, getCurrentParent() will contain the particular SwitchCase that was selected by the switch.

Return type

DCSwitchParameter

getLength() → size_t

Returns the current length of the buffer. This is the number of useful bytes stored in the buffer, not the amount of memory it takes up.

Return type

size_t

getNumNestedFields() → int

Returns the number of nested fields associated with the current field, if hasNestedFields() returned true.

The return value may be -1 to indicate that a variable number of nested fields are accepted by this field type (e.g. a variable-length array).

Note that this method is unreliable to determine how many fields you must traverse before you can call pop(), since particularly in the presence of a DCSwitch, it may change during traversal. Use moreNestedFields() instead.

static getNumStackElementsEverAllocated() → int

Returns the number of DCPacker::StackElement pointers ever simultaneously allocated; these are now either in active use or have been recycled into the deleted DCPacker::StackElement pool to be used again.

getNumUnpackedBytes() → size_t

Returns the number of bytes that have been unpacked so far, or after unpack_end(), the total number of bytes that were unpacked at all. This can be used to validate that all of the bytes in the buffer were actually unpacked (which is not otherwise considered an error).

Return type

size_t

getPackType() → DCPackType

Returns the type of value expected by the current field. See the enumerated type definition at the top of DCPackerInterface.h. If this returns one of PT_double, PT_int, PT_int64, or PT_string, then you should call the corresponding packDouble(), packInt() function (or unpackDouble(), unpackInt(), etc.) to transfer data. Otherwise, you should call push() and begin packing or unpacking the nested fields.

Return type

DCPackType

getString() → str

Returns the packed data buffer as a string. Also see get_data().

getUnpackLength() → size_t

Returns the total number of bytes in the unpack data buffer. This is the buffer used when unpacking; it is separate from the pack data returned by getLength(), which is filled during packing.

Return type

size_t

getUnpackString() → str

Returns the unpack data buffer, as a string. This is the buffer used when unpacking; it is separate from the pack data returned by getString(), which is filled during packing. Also see get_unpack_data().

hadError() → bool

Returns true if there has been any error (either a pack error or a range error) since the most recent call to begin(). If this returns true, then the matching call to end() will indicate an error (false).

hadPackError() → bool

Returns true if there has been an packing error since the most recent call to begin(); in particular, this may be called after end() has returned false to determine the nature of the failure.

A return value of true indicates there was a push/pop mismatch, or the push/pop structure did not match the data structure, or there were the wrong number of elements in a nested push/pop structure, or on unpack that the data stream was truncated.

hadParseError() → bool

Returns true if there has been an parse error since the most recent call to begin(); this can only happen if you call parseAndPack().

hadRangeError() → bool

Returns true if there has been an range validation error since the most recent call to begin(); in particular, this may be called after end() has returned false to determine the nature of the failure.

A return value of true indicates a value that was packed or unpacked did not fit within the specified legal range for a parameter, or within the limits of the field size.

hasNestedFields() → bool

Returns true if the current field has any nested fields (and thus expects a push() .. pop() interface), or false otherwise. If this returns true, getNumNestedFields() may be called to determine how many nested fields are expected.

moreNestedFields() → bool

Returns true if there are more nested fields to pack or unpack in the current push sequence, false if it is time to call pop().

packBlob(value: bytes) → None

Packs the indicated numeric or string value into the stream.

packDefaultValue() → None

Adds the default value for the current element into the stream. If no default has been set for the current element, creates a sensible default.

packDouble(value: float) → None

Packs the indicated numeric or string value into the stream.

packInt(value: int) → None

Packs the indicated numeric or string value into the stream.

packInt64(value: int64_t) → None

Packs the indicated numeric or string value into the stream.

packLiteralValue(value: bytes) → None

Adds the indicated string value into the stream, representing a single pre- packed field element, or a whole group of field elements at once.

packObject(object: object) → None

Packs the Python object of whatever type into the packer. Each numeric object and string object maps to the corresponding pack_value() call; a tuple or sequence maps to a push() followed by all of the tuple’s contents followed by a pop().

packString(value: str) → None

Packs the indicated numeric or string value into the stream.

packUint(value: int) → None

Packs the indicated numeric or string value into the stream.

packUint64(value: uint64_t) → None

Packs the indicated numeric or string value into the stream.

parseAndPack(in: istream) → bool

Parses an object’s value according to the DC file syntax (e.g. as a default value string) and packs it. Returns true on success, false on a parse error.

parseAndPack(formatted_object: str) → bool

Parses an object’s value according to the DC file syntax (e.g. as a default value string) and packs it. Returns true on success, false on a parse error.

pop() → None

Marks the end of a nested series of fields.

This must be called to match a previous push() only after all the expected number of nested fields have been packed. It is an error to call it too early, or too late.

push() → None

Marks the beginning of a nested series of fields.

This must be called before filling the elements of an array or the individual fields in a structure field. It must also be balanced by a matching pop().

It is necessary to use push() / pop() only if hasNestedFields() returns true.

rawPackBlob(value: bytes) → None

Packs the data into the buffer between packing sessions.

rawPackFloat64(value: float) → None

Packs the data into the buffer between packing sessions.

rawPackInt16(value: int) → None

Packs the data into the buffer between packing sessions.

rawPackInt32(value: int) → None

Packs the data into the buffer between packing sessions.

rawPackInt64(value: int64_t) → None

Packs the data into the buffer between packing sessions.

rawPackInt8(value: int) → None

Packs the data into the buffer between packing sessions.

rawPackString(value: str) → None

Packs the data into the buffer between packing sessions.

rawPackUint16(value: int) → None

Packs the data into the buffer between packing sessions.

rawPackUint32(value: int) → None

Packs the data into the buffer between packing sessions.

rawPackUint64(value: uint64_t) → None

Packs the data into the buffer between packing sessions.

rawPackUint8(value: int) → None

Packs the data into the buffer between packing sessions.

rawUnpackBlob() → bytes

Unpacks the data from the buffer between unpacking sessions.

rawUnpackFloat64() → float

Unpacks the data from the buffer between unpacking sessions.

rawUnpackInt16() → int

Unpacks the data from the buffer between unpacking sessions.

rawUnpackInt32() → int

Unpacks the data from the buffer between unpacking sessions.

rawUnpackInt64() → int64_t

Unpacks the data from the buffer between unpacking sessions.

Return type

int64_t

rawUnpackInt8() → int

Unpacks the data from the buffer between unpacking sessions.

rawUnpackString() → str

Unpacks the data from the buffer between unpacking sessions.

rawUnpackUint16() → int

Unpacks the data from the buffer between unpacking sessions.

rawUnpackUint32() → int

Unpacks the data from the buffer between unpacking sessions.

rawUnpackUint64() → uint64_t

Unpacks the data from the buffer between unpacking sessions.

Return type

uint64_t

rawUnpackUint8() → int

Unpacks the data from the buffer between unpacking sessions.

seek(seek_index: int) → bool

Seeks to the field indentified by seek_index, which was returned by an earlier call to DCField::find_seek_index() to get the index of some nested field. Also see the version of seek() that accepts a field name.

Returns true if successful, false if the field is not known (or if the packer is in an invalid mode).

seek(field_name: str) → bool

Sets the current unpack (or repack) position to the named field. In unpack mode, the next call to unpack_*() or push() will begin to read the named field. In repack mode, the next call to pack_*() or push() will modify the named field.

Returns true if successful, false if the field is not known (or if the packer is in an invalid mode).

setUnpackData(data: bytes) → None

Sets up the unpack_data pointer. You may call this before calling the version of beginUnpack() that takes only one parameter.

unpackAndFormat(show_field_names: bool) → str

Unpacks an object and formats its value into a syntax suitable for parsing in the dc file (e.g. as a default value), or as an input to parse_object.

unpackAndFormat(out: ostream, show_field_names: bool) → None

Unpacks an object and formats its value into a syntax suitable for parsing in the dc file (e.g. as a default value), or as an input to parse_object.

unpackBlob() → bytes

Unpacks the current binary data value from the stream.

unpackDouble() → float

Unpacks the current numeric or string value from the stream.

unpackInt() → int

Unpacks the current numeric or string value from the stream.

unpackInt64() → int64_t

Unpacks the current numeric or string value from the stream.

Return type

int64_t

unpackLiteralValue() → bytes

Returns the literal string that represents the packed value of the current field, and advances the field pointer.

unpackObject() → object

Unpacks a Python object of the appropriate type from the stream for the current field. This may be an integer or a string for a simple field object; if the current field represents a list of fields it will be a tuple.

unpackSkip() → None

Skips the current field without unpacking it and advances to the next field. If the current field contains nested fields, skips all of them.

unpackString() → str

Unpacks the current numeric or string value from the stream.

unpackUint() → int

Unpacks the current numeric or string value from the stream.

unpackUint64() → uint64_t

Unpacks the current numeric or string value from the stream.

Return type

uint64_t

unpackValidate() → None

Internally unpacks the current numeric or string value and validates it against the type range limits, but does not return the value. If the current field contains nested fields, validates all of them.