# panda3d.core.GeomVertexData¶

class GeomVertexData

This defines the actual numeric vertex data stored in a Geom, in the structure defined by a particular GeomVertexFormat object.

The data consists of one or more arrays, each of which in turn consists of a series of rows, one per vertex. All arrays should have the same number of rows; each vertex is defined by the column data from a particular row across all arrays.

Often, there will be only one array per Geom, and the various columns defined in the GeomVertexFormat will be interleaved within that array. However, it is also possible to have multiple different arrays, with a certain subset of the total columns defined in each array.

However the data is distributed, the effect is of a single table of vertices, where each vertex is represented by one row of the table.

In general, application code should not attempt to directly manipulate the vertex data through this structure; instead, use the GeomVertexReader, GeomVertexWriter, and GeomVertexRewriter objects to read and write vertex data at a high level.

Inheritance diagram

__init__(copy: GeomVertexData) → None
__init__(copy: GeomVertexData, format: GeomVertexFormat) → None

This constructor copies all of the basic properties of the source VertexData, like usage_hint and animation tables, but does not copy the actual data, and it allows you to specify a different format.

__init__(name: str, format: GeomVertexFormat, usage_hint: UsageHint) → None
assign(copy: GeomVertexData) → GeomVertexData
Return type

GeomVertexData

operatorNew(size: size_t) → None
compareTo(other: GeomVertexData) → int

Returns 0 if the two objects are equivalent, even if they are not the same pointer.

getName() → str

Returns the name passed to the constructor, if any. This name is reported on the PStats graph for vertex computations.

setName(name: str) → None

Changes the name of the vertex data. This name is reported on the PStats graph for vertex computations.

getUsageHint() → UsageHint

Returns the usage hint that was passed to the constructor, and which will be passed to each array data object created initially, and arrays created as the result of a convertTo() operation. See geomEnums.h.

However, each individual array may be replaced with a different array object with an independent usage hint specified, so there is no guarantee that the individual arrays all have the same usage_hint.

Return type

UsageHint

setUsageHint(usage_hint: UsageHint) → None

Changes the UsageHint hint for this vertex data, and for all of the arrays that share this data. See getUsageHint().

Don’t call this in a downstream thread unless you don’t mind it blowing away other changes you might have recently made in an upstream thread.

getFormat() → GeomVertexFormat

Returns a pointer to the GeomVertexFormat structure that defines this data.

Return type

GeomVertexFormat

setFormat(format: GeomVertexFormat) → None

Changes the format of the vertex data. If the data is not empty, this will implicitly change every row to match the new format.

Don’t call this in a downstream thread unless you don’t mind it blowing away other changes you might have recently made in an upstream thread.

uncleanSetFormat(format: GeomVertexFormat) → None

Changes the format of the vertex data, without reformatting the data to match. The data is exactly the same after this operation, but will be reinterpreted according to the new format. This assumes that the new format is fundamentally compatible with the old format; in particular, it must have the same number of arrays with the same stride in each one. No checking is performed that the data remains sensible.

hasColumn(name: InternalName) → bool

Returns true if the data has the named column, false otherwise. This is really just a shortcut for asking the same thing from the format.

getNumRows() → int

Returns the number of rows stored within all the arrays. All arrays store data for the same n rows.

setNumRows(n: int) → bool

Sets the length of the array to n rows in all of the various arrays (presumably by adding rows).

The new vertex data is initialized to 0, except for the “color” column, which is initialized to (1, 1, 1, 1).

The return value is true if the number of rows was changed, false if the object already contained n rows (or if there was some error).

This can be used when you know exactly how many rows you will be needing. It is faster than reserveNumRows(). Also see uncleanSetNumRows() if you are planning to fill in all the data yourself.

Don’t call this in a downstream thread unless you don’t mind it blowing away other changes you might have recently made in an upstream thread.

uncleanSetNumRows(n: int) → bool

This method behaves like setNumRows(), except the new data is not initialized. Furthermore, after this call, any of the data in the GeomVertexData may be uninitialized, including the earlier rows.

This is intended for applications that are about to completely fill the GeomVertexData with new data anyway; it provides a tiny performance boost over setNumRows().

This can be used when you know exactly how many rows you will be needing. It is faster than reserveNumRows().

reserveNumRows(n: int) → bool

This ensures that enough memory space for n rows is allocated, so that you may increase the number of rows to n without causing a new memory allocation. This is a performance optimization only; it is especially useful when you know ahead of time that you will be adding n rows to the data.

If you know exactly how many rows you will be needing, it is significantly faster to use setNumRows() or unclean_setNumRows() instead.

clearRows() → None

Removes all of the rows from the arrays; functionally equivalent to set_num_rows(0) (but faster).

Don’t call this in a downstream thread unless you don’t mind it blowing away other changes you might have recently made in an upstream thread.

getNumArrays() → size_t

Returns the number of individual arrays stored within the data. This must match getFormat()->:meth:~GeomVertexData.getNumArrays.

Return type

size_t

getArray(i: size_t) → GeomVertexArrayData

Returns a const pointer to the vertex data for the indicated array, for application code to directly examine (but not modify) the underlying vertex data.

Return type

GeomVertexArrayData

getArrayHandle(i: size_t) → GeomVertexArrayDataHandle

Equivalent to get_array(i).get_handle().

Return type

GeomVertexArrayDataHandle

modifyArray(i: size_t) → GeomVertexArrayData

Returns a modifiable pointer to the indicated vertex array, so that application code may directly manipulate the data. You should avoid changing the length of this array, since all of the arrays should be kept in sync–use setNumRows() instead.

Don’t call this in a downstream thread unless you don’t mind it blowing away other changes you might have recently made in an upstream thread.

Return type

GeomVertexArrayData

modifyArrayHandle(i: size_t) → GeomVertexArrayDataHandle

Equivalent to modify_array(i).modify_handle().

Return type

GeomVertexArrayDataHandle

setArray(i: size_t, array: GeomVertexArrayData) → None

Replaces the indicated vertex data array with a completely new array. You should be careful that the new array has the same length and format as the old one, unless you know what you are doing.

Don’t call this in a downstream thread unless you don’t mind it blowing away other changes you might have recently made in an upstream thread.

getTransformTable() → TransformTable

Returns a const pointer to the TransformTable assigned to this data. Vertices within the table will index into this table to indicate their dynamic skinning information; this table is used when the vertex animation is to be performed by the graphics hardware (but also see getTransformBlendTable()).

This will return NULL if the vertex data does not have a TransformTable assigned (which implies the vertices will not be animated by the graphics hardware).

Return type

TransformTable

setTransformTable(table: TransformTable) → None

Replaces the TransformTable on this vertex data with the indicated table. The length of this table should be consistent with the maximum table index assigned to the vertices under the “transform_index” name.

Don’t call this in a downstream thread unless you don’t mind it blowing away other changes you might have recently made in an upstream thread.

clearTransformTable() → None

Sets the TransformTable pointer to NULL, removing the table from the vertex data. This disables hardware-driven vertex animation.

getTransformBlendTable() → TransformBlendTable

Returns a const pointer to the TransformBlendTable assigned to this data. Vertices within the table will index into this table to indicate their dynamic skinning information; this table is used when the vertex animation is to be performed by the CPU (but also see getTransformTable()).

This will return NULL if the vertex data does not have a TransformBlendTable assigned (which implies the vertices will not be animated by the CPU).

Return type

TransformBlendTable

modifyTransformBlendTable() → TransformBlendTable

Returns a modifiable pointer to the current TransformBlendTable on this vertex data, if any, or NULL if there is not a TransformBlendTable. See getTransformBlendTable().

Don’t call this in a downstream thread unless you don’t mind it blowing away other changes you might have recently made in an upstream thread.

Return type

TransformBlendTable

setTransformBlendTable(table: TransformBlendTable) → None

Replaces the TransformBlendTable on this vertex data with the indicated table. The length of this table should be consistent with the maximum table index assigned to the vertices under the “transform_blend” name.

Don’t call this in a downstream thread unless you don’t mind it blowing away other changes you might have recently made in an upstream thread.

clearTransformBlendTable() → None

Sets the TransformBlendTable pointer to NULL, removing the table from the vertex data. This disables CPU-driven vertex animation.

getSliderTable() → SliderTable

Returns a const pointer to the SliderTable assigned to this data. Vertices within the vertex data will look up their morph offsets, if any, within this table.

This will return NULL if the vertex data does not have a SliderTable assigned.

Return type

SliderTable

setSliderTable(table: SliderTable) → None

Replaces the SliderTable on this vertex data with the indicated table. There should be an entry in this table for each kind of morph offset defined in the vertex data.

The SliderTable object must have been registered prior to setting it on the GeomVertexData.

Don’t call this in a downstream thread unless you don’t mind it blowing away other changes you might have recently made in an upstream thread.

clearSliderTable() → None

Sets the SliderTable pointer to NULL, removing the table from the vertex data. This disables morph (blend shape) animation.

getNumBytes() → int

Returns the total number of bytes consumed by the different arrays of the vertex data.

getModified(current_thread: Thread) → UpdateSeq

Returns a sequence number which is guaranteed to change at least every time the vertex data is modified.

Return type

requestResident() → bool

Returns true if the vertex data is currently resident in memory. If this returns false, the vertex data will be brought back into memory shortly; try again later.

copyFrom(source: GeomVertexData, keep_data_objects: bool, current_thread: Thread) → None

Copies all the data from the other array into the corresponding data types in this array, by matching data types name-by-name.

keep_data_objects specifies what to do when one or more of the arrays can be copied without the need to apply any conversion operation. If it is true, the original GeomVertexArrayData objects in this object are retained, and their data arrays are copied byte-by-byte from the source; if it is false, then the GeomVertexArrayData objects are copied pointerwise from the source.

Don’t call this in a downstream thread unless you don’t mind it blowing away other changes you might have recently made in an upstream thread.

copyRowFrom(dest_row: int, source: GeomVertexData, source_row: int, current_thread: Thread) → None

Copies a single row of the data from the other array into the indicated row of this array. In this case, the source format must exactly match the destination format.

Don’t call this in a downstream thread unless you don’t mind it blowing away other changes you might have recently made in an upstream thread.

convertTo(new_format: GeomVertexFormat) → GeomVertexData

Returns a new GeomVertexData that represents the same contents as this one, with all data types matched up name-by-name to the indicated new format.

Return type

GeomVertexData

scaleColor(color_scale: LVecBase4) → GeomVertexData

Returns a new GeomVertexData object with the color table modified in-place to apply the indicated scale.

If the vertex data does not include a color column, a new one will not be added.

Return type

GeomVertexData

scaleColor(color_scale: LVecBase4, num_components: int, numeric_type: NumericType, contents: Contents) → GeomVertexData

Returns a new GeomVertexData object with the color table replaced with a new color table that has been scaled by the indicated value. The new color table will be added as a new array; if the old color table was interleaved with a previous array, the previous array will not be repacked.

Return type

GeomVertexData

setColor(color: LColor) → GeomVertexData

Returns a new GeomVertexData object with the color data modified in-place with the new value.

If the vertex data does not include a color column, a new one will not be added.

Return type

GeomVertexData

setColor(color: LColor, num_components: int, numeric_type: NumericType, contents: Contents) → GeomVertexData

Returns a new GeomVertexData object with the color table replaced with a new color table for which each vertex has the indicated value. The new color table will be added as a new array; if the old color table was interleaved with a previous array, the previous array will not be repacked.

Return type

GeomVertexData

reverseNormals() → GeomVertexData

Returns a new GeomVertexData object with the normal data modified in-place, so that each lighting normal is now facing in the opposite direction.

If the vertex data does not include a normal column, this returns the original GeomVertexData object, unchanged.

Return type

GeomVertexData

animateVertices(force: bool, current_thread: Thread) → GeomVertexData

Returns a GeomVertexData that represents the results of computing the vertex animation on the CPU for this GeomVertexData.

If there is no CPU-defined vertex animation on this object, this just returns the original object.

If there is vertex animation, but the VertexTransform values have not changed since last time, this may return the same pointer it returned previously. Even if the VertexTransform values have changed, it may still return the same pointer, but with its contents modified (this is preferred, since it allows the graphics backend to update vertex buffers optimally).

If force is false, this method may return immediately with stale data, if the vertex data is not completely resident. If force is true, this method will never return stale data, but may block until the data is available.

Return type

GeomVertexData

clearAnimatedVertices() → None

Removes the cache of animated vertices computed by a previous call to animateVertices() within the same frame. This will force the next call to animateVertices() to recompute these values from scratch. Normally it is not necessary to call this.

transformVertices(mat: LMatrix4) → None

Applies the indicated transform matrix to all of the vertices in the GeomVertexData. The transform is applied to all “point” and “vector” type columns described in the format.

transformVertices(mat: LMatrix4, rows: SparseArray) → None

Applies the indicated transform matrix to all of the vertices mentioned in the sparse array. The transform is applied to all “point” and “vector” type columns described in the format.

transformVertices(mat: LMatrix4, begin_row: int, end_row: int) → None

Applies the indicated transform matrix to all of the vertices from begin_row up to but not including end_row. The transform is applied to all “point” and “vector” type columns described in the format.

replaceColumn(name: InternalName, num_components: int, numeric_type: NumericType, contents: Contents) → GeomVertexData

Returns a new GeomVertexData object, suitable for modification, with the indicated data type replaced with a new table filled with undefined values. The new table will be added as a new array; if the old table was interleaved with a previous array, the previous array will not be repacked.

If num_components is 0, the indicated name is simply removed from the type, without replacing it with anything else.

Return type

GeomVertexData

output(out: ostream) → None
write(out: ostream, indent_level: int) → None
describeVertex(out: ostream, row: int) → None

Writes a verbose, human-friendly description of the indicated vertex number.

clearCache() → None

Removes all of the previously-cached results of convertTo().

This blows away the entire cache, upstream and downstream the pipeline. Use clearCacheStage() instead if you only want to blow away the cache at the current stage and upstream.

clearCacheStage() → None

Removes all of the previously-cached results of convertTo(), at the current pipeline stage and upstream. Does not affect the downstream cache.

Don’t call this in a downstream thread unless you don’t mind it blowing away other changes you might have recently made in an upstream thread.

static getClassType() → TypeHandle
Return type

TypeHandle

getArrays() → list
property name
Getter

Returns the name passed to the constructor, if any. This name is reported on the PStats graph for vertex computations.

Setter

Changes the name of the vertex data. This name is reported on the PStats graph for vertex computations.

Return type

string

property usage_hint
Getter

Returns the usage hint that was passed to the constructor, and which will be passed to each array data object created initially, and arrays created as the result of a convertTo() operation. See geomEnums.h.

However, each individual array may be replaced with a different array object with an independent usage hint specified, so there is no guarantee that the individual arrays all have the same usage_hint.

Setter

Changes the UsageHint hint for this vertex data, and for all of the arrays that share this data. See getUsageHint().

Don’t call this in a downstream thread unless you don’t mind it blowing away other changes you might have recently made in an upstream thread.

Return type

UsageHint

property format
Getter

Returns a pointer to the GeomVertexFormat structure that defines this data.

Setter

Changes the format of the vertex data. If the data is not empty, this will implicitly change every row to match the new format.

Don’t call this in a downstream thread unless you don’t mind it blowing away other changes you might have recently made in an upstream thread.

Return type

GeomVertexFormat

property arrays
Getter

Returns a const pointer to the vertex data for the indicated array, for application code to directly examine (but not modify) the underlying vertex data.

Setter

Replaces the indicated vertex data array with a completely new array. You should be careful that the new array has the same length and format as the old one, unless you know what you are doing.

Don’t call this in a downstream thread unless you don’t mind it blowing away other changes you might have recently made in an upstream thread.

Return type

Sequence[ConstPointerTo_GeomVertexArrayData]

property transform_table
Getter

Returns a const pointer to the TransformTable assigned to this data. Vertices within the table will index into this table to indicate their dynamic skinning information; this table is used when the vertex animation is to be performed by the graphics hardware (but also see getTransformBlendTable()).

This will return NULL if the vertex data does not have a TransformTable assigned (which implies the vertices will not be animated by the graphics hardware).

Setter

Replaces the TransformTable on this vertex data with the indicated table. The length of this table should be consistent with the maximum table index assigned to the vertices under the “transform_index” name.

Don’t call this in a downstream thread unless you don’t mind it blowing away other changes you might have recently made in an upstream thread.

Return type

TransformTable

property slider_table
Getter

Returns a const pointer to the SliderTable assigned to this data. Vertices within the vertex data will look up their morph offsets, if any, within this table.

This will return NULL if the vertex data does not have a SliderTable assigned.

Setter

Replaces the SliderTable on this vertex data with the indicated table. There should be an entry in this table for each kind of morph offset defined in the vertex data.

The SliderTable object must have been registered prior to setting it on the GeomVertexData.

Don’t call this in a downstream thread unless you don’t mind it blowing away other changes you might have recently made in an upstream thread.

Return type

SliderTable

property num_bytes

Returns the total number of bytes consumed by the different arrays of the vertex data.

Return type

int

property modified

Returns a sequence number which is guaranteed to change at least every time the vertex data is modified.

Return type